Food Substitution -- General Cooking & Baking

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Here you will find handy useful information for a Candy Temperature Chart, Food Substitution Chart, Metric and U.S. Measurement Equivalents, and a Yield and Equivalents Chart.. plus lots more! This board is also a useful tool to help recipe posters.
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Kittencal
Posts: 3820
Joined: Sat Sep 03, 2011 9:58 am

Food Substitution -- General Cooking & Baking

Post by Kittencal » Thu Dec 01, 2011 3:26 pm


Of coarse nothing is better than using the right ingredient for a recipe but this just may help you out in a pinch when you don't have it handy to use


1 cup all-purpose flour = 1 cup plus 2 tablespoon cake flour

1 cup cake flour = 1 cup minus 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour

1 cup self-rising flour = 1 cup all-purpose flour, 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder plus 1/2 teaspoon salt

1 teaspoon baking powder = 1 teaspoon baking soda plus 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar

1 tablespoon cornstarch = 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour

1 tablespoon tapioca = 1 1/2 tablespoons all-purpose flour

1 package active dry yeast = 2 1/4 teaspoons dry or 1 package compressed yeast

1 cup dry bread crumbs = 3/4 cup cracker crumbs

1 cup packed brown sugar = 1 cup granulated sugar or 2 cups powdered sugar, plus 1 tablespoon molasses

1 cup honey = 1 1/4 cups sugar plus 1/4 cup liquid or 1 cup corn syrup or molasses

1 cup milk = 1/2 cup evaporated milk plus 1/2 cup water

1 cup buttermilk or sour milk = 1 tablespoon vinegar or lemon juice plus sweet milk to equal 1 cup

1 cup heavy cream = 3/4 cup skim milk plus 1/3 cup butter

1 cup sour cream = 7/8 cup sour milk plus 3 tablespoons butter

1 cup yogurt = 1 cup buttermilk or sour milk

1 cup whipping cream, whipped = 2 cups whipped dessert topping

2 large eggs = 3 small eggs

1 egg = 2 egg yolks (for custards)

1 egg = 2 egg yolks plus 1 tablespoon water (for cookies)

1 ounce unsweetened chocolate = 3 tablespoons baking cocoa plus 1 tablespoon shortening, butter or margarine

1 ounce semisweet chocolate = 1 ounce unsweetened chocolate plus 1 tablespoon sugar

1 cup ketchup = 1 cup tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup sugar and 2 tablespoons vinegar

1 tablespoon prepared mustard = 1 teaspoon dry mustard

1 teaspoon lemon juice = 1 teaspoon vinegar

1 cup wine = 1 cup apple juice, apple cider, chicken or beef broth

1 clove of garlic = 1/8 teaspoon garlic powder OR 1/8 teaspoon instant minced garlic OR 3/4 teaspoon garlic salt OR 5 drops liquid garlic

1 medium onion = 1 tablespoon dried minced onion or 1 teaspoon onion powder

1 tablespoon fresh herbs = 1 teaspoon dried herbs or 1/4 teaspoon powdered herbs

1/4 cup chopped fresh parsley = 1 tablespoon dried parsley flakes

1 cup canned tomatoes = about 1 1/3 cups chopped tomato, simmered for 10 minutes

1 cup tomato juice = 1/2 cup tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup water

1 pound fresh mushrooms = 6 ounces canned mushrooms

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